ACTIVITIES OF AKAKI KHOSHTARIA IN PERSIA

Abstract

The XIX-XX centuries Georgia remembers many rich and influential merchants. They were not only good businessmen but also philanthropists and patrons. The name of Akaki Khoshtaria is associated with the production and transportation of petroleum products in the South Caucasus, the production of mechanical and agricultural machinery, the production of soap and oil. Akaki Khoshtaria's main industrial-commercial arena was Persia. The Persian government authorized A. Khoshtaria to drill oilfields by bore-holes in five northern provinces of Iran, West and East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Mazandaran and Khorasan on the basis of a concession. Here Akaki Khoshtaria built an electron-operated factory, had many workshops, owned a monopoly on soap production, fish farms, traded by wool, here he built a special railway (the first railway in Iran), founded a transport company  and was the first to import automobiles to Iran. The name of Akaki Khoshtaria is less known to modern society. The twentieth century erased everything about him, only information, told by other people are remained, which determined the purpose of our research. The theoretical and practical significance of the article is determined by the relevance of the issues under study, it is the theoretical significance that determined the main direction of the study - the identification of Akaki Khoshtaria as separate aspects of entrepreneurial activity. As for practical significance, it is obvious that the life and work of this entrepreneur is valuable even at the present stage.


 Keywords: Entrepreneur, trade-industry, concession, monopoly, oil products, charity.

Published
2020-12-29
How to Cite
JOLBORDI, MAMUKA; LIPARTELIANI, NINO. ACTIVITIES OF AKAKI KHOSHTARIA IN PERSIA. HISTORY, ARCHAEOLOGY, ETHNOLOGY, [S.l.], n. IV, p. 201-211, dec. 2020. ISSN 2449-285X. Available at: <http://www.sciencejournals.ge/index.php/HAE/article/view/79>. Date accessed: 07 may 2021.
Section
SCIENTIFIC ARTICLES -SECTION OF WORLD HISTORY (NEW HISTORY)