POSSESSIVE AND ORIGIN AFFIXES IN THE GEORGIAN LITERATURE

Abstract

One of the most consequential resources for filling and enriching the vocabulary of a language is the lexical derivation. The subject of lexical derivation has always been of interest to linguists. The lexical derivation is an issue on which Georgian linguists have different views. Some linguists consider the derivational affixes to belong to morphology, while others them as a unit of lexicology. Indeed, derivational affix is the most important element that contributes to the enrichment of a language by deriving a new word. The lexical derivation in the Georgian language is carried out by adding prefixes, infixes, and suffixes to words. In Georgian, prefixes are called თავსართი (tavsarti/წინსართი:ts’inasarti), and prefixed words are derived by using them. In the Georgian language, suffixes are called ბოლოსართი (bolosarti), and suffixed words are derived by using them. Although they're used less than the other affixes, the infixes, called ჩასართი (chasarti), appear in Georgian as an internal derivation due to some phonetic events. Additionally, words are derived using markers that come both before and after the word. In this study, of the derived nouns grouped according to their meanings, the Possessive Affixes and Origin Affixes will be examined. Here, on which words and structures the examined affixes are added, the functions they acquire in line with the meaning they add to the words, and the changes in both the word and the affix's structure are explained with examples. In addition to helping Turkish students studying in the Department of Georgian Language and Literature, this study will also benefit researchers interested in Georgian linguistics.

Published
2020-12-15
How to Cite
SHENEL, ILKİZ. POSSESSIVE AND ORIGIN AFFIXES IN THE GEORGIAN LITERATURE. PHILOLOGICAL RESEARCHES, [S.l.], n. I, p. 25-40, dec. 2020. ISSN 2667-9612. Available at: <http://www.sciencejournals.ge/index.php/NJ/article/view/53>. Date accessed: 07 may 2021.
Section
SCIENTIFIC ARTICLES - LINGUISTICS SECTION